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Tanzania Institutional Diagnostic – Synthesis


Tanzania Institutional Diagnostic

Chapter 8: Synthesis

This chapter provides a synthesis of information and arguments developed in the first seven chapters of the Tanzania Institutional Diagnostic.

Chapter outline

Part 1.  The basic institutional constraints on Tanzanian development

  1. The main challenges of Tanzania’s economic development
  2. Tanzania’s governance indicators
  3. An evaluation of Tanzanian institutions by decision-makers
  4. Thematic areas
    • Business and politics
    • The civil service
    • State coordination: the issue of decentralization
    • Land Rights and the Land Law in Tanzania: Institutional Issues and Challengese)
    • The power sector: an example of de facto weak regulation
  5. Conclusion of Part 1: five basic institutional weaknesses

Part 2. The institutional diagnostic

  1. Basic institutional weaknesses, proximate causes and deep factors: a conceptual framework
    • Proximate causes
    • Deep factors and the political economy of corrective measures
  2. Analyzing proximate causes and deep factors of Tanzania’s institutional weaknesses
    • Ambiguity in the structure of public decision-making: the centralization bias
    • Inefficient land allocation process
    • Under-performing civil service
    • Rent-seeking and corruption
    • Patronage and the weak regulation of business
  3. The need for more transparency and accountability of the central government
  4. Two key principles for action
  5. Conclusion of Part 2


Authors: François Bourguignon, Paris School of Economics, and Samuel Wangwe, Economic and Social Research Foundation


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